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Self-government of Krakow, the 750th Anniversary 

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Krakow’s Oldest Known City Charter Dates Back to 1257. 

Krakow was an important town and a bustling trading center as early as the 9th century at least. And archeologists date the oldest material evidence of human settlements excavated in the city to circa 200,000 BC. In year 1038 Krakow became the capital of Poland. 

Another crucial date in the municipal history is June 5, 1257 when Boleslaw the Shy, Prince of Krakow, his mother Grzymislawa, and wife Kunegunda – a.k.a. Blessed Kinga – signed a foundation charter for the city of Krakow. Therein they granted the municipality self-government with a wide range of autonomy – based the Magdeburg Law, ius municipale magdeburgense – plus tax benefits for its citizens, trade privileges, and new territory. 

Poland’s parliament, namely the Senate, has voted 2007 the Year of Krakow. The city government has decided to commemorate the 750th anniversary of the medieval incorporation of Krakow with ten-day celebrations from June 1 to June 10, 2007. 

Program of celebrations commemorating the 750th anniversary of the 1257 city charter of Krakow, Poland.
June 1st through June 10th, 2007
 

Note: things keep changing, so take into account, please, that the following program is liable to alterations.

Spectacular events 

Friday, June 1st
From 4 p.m. to 11 p.m.
Hot-air balloon extravaganza, ‘Europe’s Open Air – the UE Cup’, features among others balloon parade, parachuting, and laser show. 
Venue:
Blonia common (free admission)

From 9 p.m. to 11 p.m. Opening of the ceremonies commemorating the 750th anniversary of Krakow’s founding charter followed by an open-air concert featuring the Krakow Philharmonic Orchestra and Pro Musica Mundi choir performing Piotr Rubik’s long cantata ‘In Love with Krakow’ inspired by Krakow’s history. Venue: the Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Saturday, June 2nd 
From 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. Dragons' Family Picnic, a festival whose attractions include musical performances, competitions for kids, and re-enactments of medieval duels. Venue: riverbank beneath the Wawel Royal Castle (free admission). 

From 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.Great Parade of Dragons’ – a procession of dragons and knights marches down Grodzka street to the central Rynek Glowny square. 

From 7 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. Cabaret show featuring an array of Poland’s comedy acts. Venue: the Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

From 10 p.m. to 11:15 p.m.Great Parade of Dragons’ – a show featuring giant representations of dragons plus music, light and sound effects, and water curtains. Venue: riverbanks near the Wawel Royal Castle (free admission). 

Sunday, June 3rd 
From 11 a.m. to 7 p.m. Dragons’ Family Picnic, a festival whose attractions include musical performances, competitions for kids, and re-enactments of medieval duels. Venue: riverbank beneath the Wawel Royal Castle (free admission). 

4:30 p.m.The Lute of Shakespeare’, a concert of early music features UK’s soprano Jeni Melia and lute-playing baritone Christopher Goodwin who perform the old English songs and duets. Venue: Tyniec Abbey. 

From 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Krakow’s Cracovia Danza Court Ballet produces its show, ‘La Fortuna – Lady with an Ermine’, an re-enactment of the Renaissance’s famed Italian court ballet, Il Paradiso, with costumes designed by Leonardo da Vinci. Venue: Plac Szczepanski square (free admission, open-air). 

From 9 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. Poland’s top jazz trumpeter Tomasz Stanko and his guests perform music that would bridge the past with our times. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Monday, June 4th 
From 9 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. Concert ‘Krakow Artists for Krakow’ features the best and most popular songs ever authored by the city’s composers and/or lyricists. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Tuesday, June 5th 
5:30 p.m. Historical parade commemorating the 1257 founding charter proceeds from the Teatr Slowackiego theatre, 1 Plac Sw. Ducha square at Szpitalna street, to the Old Town’s central Rynek Glowny square. 

7:30 p.m.The Lute of King David’, a concert of early music features counter-tenor Francisco Orozco and lute-players performing medieval Europe’s songs. Venue: Kosciol Sw. Katarzyny church (St. Catherine), Augustianska street at Skaleczna street. 

From 9 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. The world premiere of oratorio ‘Cracovia Est’ by Poland’s contemporary composer Dariusz Regucki features the Krakow Opera Company’s soloists, orchestra, and choir. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Wednesday, June 6th 
From 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Krakow’s Cracovia Danza Court Ballet produces its historical show, ‘Queen Bona’s Masquerade’, inspired by the Polish royal court’s customs of the Renaissance and including such once popular ballroom dances as pavan, volte, gavotte, and courante. Venue: Plac Szczepanski square (free admission, open-air). 

From 8 p.m. to 9:40 p.m. Opening concert of the ‘Wyspianski 2007’ Festival, ‘Wyspianski by Konieczny” features Polish National Radio Orchestra, Krakow Philharmonic Choir, and an array of Krakow’s pop vocalist performing theater music by Krakow’s contemporary composer Zygmunt Konieczny written to productions of Stanislaw Wyspinaski’s various plays. Venue: Kosciol Sw. Katarzyny church (St. Catherine), Augustianska street at Skaleczna street. 

From 10 p.m. to 11 p.m. Krakow’s Sinfonietta Cracovia chamber orchestra and the Pro Musica Mundi choir render Gustav Holst’s seven-part suite ‘Planets’ with pop singers Dorota Miskiewicz and Grzegorz Turnau filling in interludes, plus a multimedia show of the solar system. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Thursday, June 7th (Corpus Christi feast day)
5 p.m.
Delegations of European marksmen’s fraternities parade from the Plac Szczepanski square to the central Rynek Glowny square and next through streets Mikolajska, Kopernika, and Strzelecka to Park Strzelecki. 

From 9 p.m. to 11 p.m. Italy’s accomplished baritone Roberto Abbondanza soprano Susanna Rigacci plus enlarged philharmonic orchestra and choir with famous composer Ennio Morricone as conductor perform his oratorio ‘Song about the Hidden God’ written to poems of Pope John Paul II. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Friday, June 8th
From 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Festival of Krakow’s Bractwo Kurkowe, the city’s historic marksmen fraternity, with shooting competition, musical performances, and other attractions. Venue: the Blonia common (free admission). 

From 6:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. Krakow’s ensemble, Galicyjska Orkiestra Straussowska ‘Obligato”, plays The Strausses’ waltzes and polkas. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

From 7 p.m. to 10 p.m. Poland’s championship of DJs. Venue: Multikino multiplex, 128 Dobrego Pasterza street. 

From 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Krakow’s Cracovia Danza Court Ballet produces its show, ‘Sobieski and Marysienka’, of the Baroque’s dances and the period music by the Polish and the French composers as well as the Turkish traditional tunes. Venue: Plac Szczepanski square (free admission, open-air). 

From 9 p.m. to 11 p.m.Krakow-Vienna Ball’, a concert of ballroom dance music features Krakow’s and Vienna’s ensembles playing The Strausses’ waltzes and polkas plus dancers from both cities performing the steps. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air).

Saturday, June 9th
From noon to 2 p.m.
The Enthronement of the Cock King’, Krakow’s traditional colorful pageant of the city’s historical marksmen’s fraternity followed by its parade through streets Florianska, Basztowa, and Lubicz. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square and the Old Town’s streets (free admission, open-air). 

From 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Krakow’s Cracovia Danza Court Ballet produces its show, ‘Krakow through the Centuries’ in the form of the parade of historical fashions from medieval to contemporary, Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

Sunday, June 10th
From 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.
Concert of pop songs about Krakow and its residents. Venue: Plac Szczepanski square (free admission, open air). 

From 7 p.m. to 8 p.m. Krakow’s Cracovia Danza Court Ballet produces its show, ‘The Chess’, based on the 16th-century poem by Jan Kochanowski, the Polish greatest poet of the Renaissance, with the period music. Venue: Plac Szczepanski square (free admission, open air). 

7:30 p.m.The Lute of the Renaissance’, a concert of early music features Switzerland’s Hopkinson Smith playing music for lute by Francesco da Milano and John Dowland. Venue: Kosciol Sw. Katarzyny church (St. Catherine), Augustianska street at Skaleczna street. 

From 9 p.m. to 10 p.m. Concert of classical music features Poland’s top contemporary composer Henryk Mikolaj Gorecki conducting the performance of his piece, ‘Beatus Vir’, commissioned for the 900th anniversary of St. Stanislaw’s martyrdom by Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, then Krakow’s archbishop soon to become Pope John Paul II. Venue: Rynek Glowny central square (free admission, open-air). 

From 10 p.m. to 10:15 p.m. Twenty five bells of the Old Town’s various churches play symphony ‘Campanae Cracovienses’ by Marek Stachowski, Krakow’s late composer of contemporary classical music. Venue: Old Town (free admission, open-air). 

Other anniversary events 

Friday, June 1st
At noon.
Laying of the foundation stone for the Tourism Center at Powisle street near the Wawel Hill

2 p.m. Opening ceremony of the ‘Kolna’ Center for Sport and Recreation with a swimming pool and a sports hall at 2 Kolna street. 

Saturday, June 2nd 
From noon to 9 p.m.
Krakow Feast’ on the Plac Szczepanski square. 

From 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. Hot-air balloon festival ‘Europe’s Open Air – the UE Cup’ with competitions for children. Venue: the Blonia common. 

2 p.m. Opening ceremony of the ‘Wyspianski 2000’ Exhibition and Information Center at Plac Wszystkich Swietych square. 

Sunday, June 3rd 
At noon.
Unveiling of a commemorative plaque in the Cloth Hall amid Krakow’s central Rynek Glowny square. 

From noon to 9 p.m.Krakow Feast’ on the Plac Szczepanski square. 

Monday, June 4th 
At noon.
Unveiling of a plaque commemorating the planting of the Anniversary Tree (namely oak) at the Plac Sw. Idziego square near the Wawel Hill. 

2 p.m. Opening ceremony of a culture center in the reconstructed Dwor Czeczow (The Czeczs Manor) at 36 Ks. Popieluszki styreet. 

Tuesday, June 5th 
11 a.m. Laying of flowers in the National Pantheon in the crypt of the Skalka Sanctuary’s church at Skaleczna street. 

From noon to 1:30 p.m. High Mass for the city of Krakow in the Wawel Cathedral

From 4 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Ceremonial session of the City Council in the Teatr Slowackiego theatre, 1 Plac Swietego Ducha square at Szpitalna street. 

From 6 p.m. to 7 p.m. Opening of the exhibition ‘Krakow – the European City of the Magdeburg Law 1257-1791’ in the City of Krakow Historical Museum at 35 Rynek Glowny (Grand Square). 

From 10:30 p.m. to 4 a.m. Free admission for the exhibition ‘Krakow – the European City of the Magdeburg Law 1257-1791’ in the City of Krakow Historical Museum at 35 Rynek Glowny (Grand Square). 

Wednesday, June 6th 
At noon. Opening ceremony of the refurbished Maly Rynek square. 

Thursday, June 7th (Corpus Christi feast day)
3:30 p.m.
Opening ceremony of the Jubilee Congress of Marksmen’s Fraternities takes place on the Plac Szczepanski square. 

5:30 p.m. Unveiling of the obelisk commemorating the 750th anniversaries of Krakow’s founding charter and the city’s Bractwo Kurkowe marksmen’s fraternity in the Park Strzelecki at 16 Lubicz street. 

Friday, June 8th
10:30 a.m.
Opening ceremony of reconstructed Zajazd Kosciuszkowski (Kosciuszko Inn) at 3 Bialopradnicka street. 

At noon. Opening ceremony of a new tourist tour of the city walls by the barbican

From 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Presentation of Europe’s biggest graffiti, i.e. the ‘Silva Rerum’ mural showing the history of Krakow

2 p.m. Opening of exhibition ‘In the Nest of Printing and Book Loving’ in the Municipal Engineering Museum at 15 Sw. Wawrzynca street. 

Saturday, June 9th
11 a.m.
High Mass for Krakow’s historical marksmen’s fraternity, Bractwo Kurkowe, in the Kosciol Mariacki church (basilica of the Virgin Mary)

2:30 p.m. Laying of the foundation stone for a shooting range in the Park Strzelecki at 16 Lubicz street. 

5 p.m. Opening of an open-air exhibition of Krakow’s accomplished photographer Adam Bujak’s showing places and memorabilia connected with St. Stanislaw, the 11th-century Krakow bishop. Venue: the Skalka Sanctuary. 

7 p.m. Opening of ‘The Krakow Theater Night’, a presentation of the city’s theater productions coupled with tours of its playhouses. 

9:30 p.m. Unveiling of the reconstructed 19th-century monument to Tadeusz Rejtan, a Polish hero, at the junction of streets Basztowa, Asnyka, and Dunajewskiego. 

Sunday, June 10th
10:30 a.m.
High Mass for Krakow’s historical marksmen’s fraternity, Bractwo Kurkowe, in the Wawel Cathedral. 

3:30 p.m. Closing ceremony of the Jubilee Congress of Marksmen’s Fraternities takes place on the central Rynek Glowny square.  

Krakow history

Krakow historic dates


Krakow Festivals
Hardly a month passes in Krakow without some time-honored occasion for common festivities or colorful celebration

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Copyright © 2007 by MAREK STRZALA. All rights reserved.