View of Krakow
published in 1617. The Old Town's skyline changed little since
Old Town Historical District in Krakow
Krakow is Poland’s
prime tourist attraction, a must with few equals in the
entire Central and Eastern Europe. The place has been
settled since the Stone Age at least. In 1038 Krakow became
the capital of Poland and Polish monarchs took up their
residence in its Wawel Royal Castle. The Old Town
historical district in Krakow’s heart, Stare Miasto in
Polish, is actually the medieval city established in 1257 by
Prince Boleslav V, the ruler of Poland at the time. Its well
preserved original grid of streets with the huge central
Grand Square, Europe’s largest in the Middle Ages, seems
the last stage in the perfection of medieval city planning.
It is also the best example of that art.
In its long history Krakow underwent many ups and downs. The
proud capital city of a mighty kingdom for centuries, it was
turned into a sleepy borderland town of the Austrian empire in
the 19th century. Then it became a vital center of Polish
national awakening at the turn of the 20th century and the
cradle of Poland’s rebirth, only to be reduced to backwater
Now Krakow is nearly a million city ripe for restoration to
European status. And the beautiful Old Town area remains its
vibrant hub with numerous landmarks, museums, art galleries,
music venues, theaters, university colleges, etc. on top of
myriad shops, cafes, hotels
and best restaurants in Krakow.
UNESCO entered the whole of Krakow's Old Town in the list of the
world cultural heritage.
Online videos from the Old Town in Krakow
Districts of Krakow
Wawel Royal Castle
Basilica of the
Town Hall Tower
Planty Garden Ring
Old Town map
||Wawel Royal Castle
Home to three dynasties of Poland's monarchs. Its
stately halls and exquisite chambers are filled with priceless
art, best period furniture and rare ancient objects. The
collection of the 16th-century monumental Flemish
tapestries is matchless.
Poland's impressive national shrine shelters plenty of
superb church art. Its giant bell of 1520 ranks with the
world's largest. Most Polish kings and their family members are
buried in the cathedral, its chapels and crypts.
Krakow’s central Grand Square (Rynek Glowny), the
largest plaza of medieval Europe and one of the world’s finest
with its spectacular landmarks, has remained the hub of the city
since the 13th century.
Basilica of the Virgin Mary's
The immense Gothic church, Krakow's principal temple
since the 13th century, shelters the world's greatest Gothic sculpture among its many excellent works of art.